In 2004, a set of comet fragments up to 1.2 miles in diameter hit Jupiter causing a blast with a radius about twice the diameter of Earth. Realising that there were a large number of such objects within the solar system, the FOC was set up the following year, tasked with monitoring and identifying such objects. Various countries and Corps pitched in, grudgingly at first, the more rapidly as technologies developed for FOC use started having trickle down effect on military and consumer products. Today, the organisation reports directly to the L.O.N., and though it has no space fleet of its own, has no problem paying for payload launches from other fleets. It has 4 major satellites in earth orbit, a kinetic catapult on Luna, and three more satellites in orbit around the sun, between Earth and Venus.